Portugal's Out.Fest might be an antidote to Lisbon's rising tide of gentrification

Barreiro, located across the Tagus river from Portugal’s capital, was once one the country’s busiest industrial ports. Now the post-industrial town  poses an alternative haven for artists and musicians as the gentrification Lisbon continues to develop. April Clare Welsh headed to Saturday’s Out.Fest – an experimental music extravaganza with a community-minded ethos – to get the lowdown.

In recent years, Lisbon has seen a dramatic shift from crisis-stricken city to Europe’s hottest new destination for creative freelancers and “digital nomads”. With the promise cheaper rent, a Mediterranean climate, relaxed drug laws and a socialist-led government, it’s hardly surprising why so many young Europeans are relocating to the Portuguese capital. But as always, gentrification comes at a price.

According to statistics, 1,700 families were evicted from their homes in Lisbon last year, while in the the past three to four years the cost rented accommodation has escalated between 13% and 36%. An anti-displacement campaign has since been launched in response. The Morar Em Lisbon (“We Live In Lisbon”) campaign urges that “the temporary and short-term use housing for tourism purposes should be managed, controlled and balanced, and that permanent housing accommodation should be supported and energized.” It demands housing is “placed and kept at the forefront Portugal’s national political agenda.”

“Lisbon is at breaking point,” agrees Rui Pedro Dâmaso, artistic director Portugal’s experimental arts extravaganza, Out.Fest. Located in the post-industrial town Barreiro – just a 20 minute ferry ride across the Tagus river from Lisbon’s Terreiro do Paço – the festival launched in 2004 and this year welcomed artists such as Charlemagne Palestine, Pere Ubu, Caterina Barbieri, Lolina and DJ Nigga Fox to perform at the four-day event.

Portugal's Out.Fest might be an antidote to Lisbon's rising tide  gentrification
Barreiro câmara municipal

Originally raised in Barreiro before heading to Lisbon for university, Dâmaso returned to his hometown in 2014. Recalling Barreiro’s former glory as a musical hotspot, he praises the town’s experimental performance art scene the late ‘80s and a metal scene in the ‘90s, which morphed into garage rock later that decade. Dâmaso says people used to come from Lisbon to spend their weekends in Barreiro, before Bairro Alto “became trendy”. He is now part a small artistic community helping to breathe life back into the previously overlooked town that boasts a communist mayor – an antidote to the rising tide Lisbon’s gentrification.

Founded on the metalworking, cork and chemical industries, the Eraserhead-like town Barreiro was once one Portugal’s busiest industrial centers, but is no longer thriving. Walk around the town during the daytime and you will see relics its industrial legacy in the former workers’ cottages, disused railway station and the constant clanking sound machinery being demolished. It’s a sprawling and sublime setting for an experimental music festival, to say the least.

Portugal's Out.Fest might be an antidote to Lisbon's rising tide  gentrification
s Barreiro câmara municipal

Portugal's Out.Fest might be an antidote to Lisbon's rising tide  gentrification

Located in Barreiro’s former fire station, originally built in 1894, the Associação para o Desenvolvimento das Artes e Oficios (“Association for the Development Arts and Crafts” or ADAO) is Out.Fest’s venue for the Saturday night – a maze-like building set by the waterfront, with a multi-colored exterior and a tree-lined outdoor space. Since 2015, ADAO has provided studio spaces for artists working across myriad disciplines and a number these studios have been temporarily repurposed into music venues and immersive art installations just for the festival.

Portugal's Out.Fest might be an antidote to Lisbon's rising tide  gentrification
Photograph by Vera Marmelo

I arrived in Barreiro on the Saturday night just in time to catch power electronics powerhouse Simon Crab – decked out in a French Situationist anti-fascist teeshirt and Doc Martens boots – perform the beginning an ambient techno set with swirling visuals that wouldn’t have been out place in the Land Oz chill-out room.

Upstairs, Lisbon’s own DJ Problemas, a lo-fi house Jonathan Richman, entertained a packed-out room from behind his cheap drum machine and sampler-featuring perch with bouts snake-hipped dancing. Problemas’ heady blend chintzy vaporwave and battered house with a gothic, John Maus-esque vocal echo proved an intoxicating mix as it bounced f the neon-lit walls.

Portugal's Out.Fest might be an antidote to Lisbon's rising tide  gentrification
Photograph by Vera Marmelo

Often the beauty an experimental festival is the breath styles it mines and Out.Fest was no different: Danny Ayers’ legendary dark ambient project Nocturnal Emissions flooded the room like a multi-sensory deluge musique concrète while UK veterans This Is Not This Heat – now a seven-headed unit – presented their canonical, politicized myth-making next door.

In addition to This Heat’s two surviving founding members Charles Bullen and Charles Hayward, new additions Daniel O’Sullivan Grumbling Fur and Alex Ward injected fresh life, helping bring the avant-garde legends’ multi-faceted, junkyard experimentation into a widescreen panorama that left the audience spellbound. Bullen’s effortlessly cool guitar playing contrasted with Hayward’s anarchic drumming, while clarinet and melodica ditties clashed with screes industrial noise. It was a beautiful clusterfuck politics, tenderness and destruction, with crowd-pleasing highlights like 1981’s ‘S.P.Q.R’ sounding as vivid and clear as a recording.

Portugal's Out.Fest might be an antidote to Lisbon's rising tide  gentrification
Photograph by Vera Marmelo

Elsewhere, the ice-cold sonic terror Porto industrial duo Coletivo Vandalismo sent shockwaves through the crowd in the smaller salas des colunas venue later that night, while headliners Black Dice sounded limp and conventional in comparison. But the real star the show had to be Príncipe Discos’ DJ Nigga Fox aka Rogerio Brandao, whose hypnotic assault Afro-Portuguese house filled the room with energy. The only criticism was the unfortunate timing his set – he played as the last ferry was departing for Lisbon, meaning that some the crowd had already been forced to disperse.

Portugal's Out.Fest might be an antidote to Lisbon's rising tide  gentrification
Photographs by Vera Marmelo

Portugal's Out.Fest might be an antidote to Lisbon's rising tide  gentrification

Out.Fest and ADAO may only be tiny drops in Lisbon’s ocean musical options, but those seeking a break from the increasingly tourist-packed capital, could do worse than hop on a short ferry ride across the Tagus. And as the festival’s producing arm the Out.Ra association, which was formed in 2009, continues to engage with exciting new cultural projects, it looks like Barreiro is already on its way to restoring its former cultural glory.

Read next: “This is our grime”: DJ Marfox, DJ Nigga Fox, Principe Records and the Sound the Lisbon Ghettos

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